Basic Verbs – Present Tense
Yo Como – I eat
Tú Comes – You eat
Él / Ella / Usted Come – He / She / You (formal) eat
Nosotros Comemos – We eat
Ellos / Ellas / Ustedes (Latin America) Comen – They (masc) / They (fem) / They eat
Vosotros (Spain) Coméis – They eat
Because the verb endings change depending on the pronouns often in Spanish the pronouns are not used, as you can work out the meaning based on the verb alone, e.g. hablo – I speak, hablamos – we speak
Bebo leche. – I drink milk.
No hablas inglés. – You don’t speak English.
Leéis el díario. – You guys (they) read the newspaper.
¿Qué tal? – (KAY TAL) What’s up?
Fenomenal, gracias. ¿Y tú? (FAY-NOM-AY-NAL GRATHEE-YAS. EE TOO) Great thanks. And you?
….regular (like the french comme-si comme-ça)
….fatal : O
Learnt today that Adiós does not mean ‘goodbye’ in the sense I thought it did – you would only use Adiós if you weren’t going to see somebody for a while – like they were going on holiday or something.
Instead the Spanish would say Hasta (ASS-TAH) …… (hasta literally means ‘until’)
¡Hasta luego! (ASS-TAH LOO-AY-GO) See you later!
¡Hasta pronto! (ASS-TAH PRON-TO) See you later/soon!
(both of ^these are pretty much interchangable)
¡Hasta mañana! (ASS-TAH MANYA-NAH) See you tomorrow!
I know this is all really easy stuff but I honestly know no Spanish and I’m starting right at the beginning! : )
Hi guys : )
Right, so I have decided to learn Spanish because I really want to do a second language (alongside French) at college and this was the only other language that I could do. It’s a beautiful language and I’m really excited : D Although slightly nervous because to do the A-Level course I have to get myself from absolutely no Spanish to GCSE-Standard Spanish by September : / Should be a fun challenge though! So just thought I’d let you guys know and also that I’m going to try and fully immerse myself into the language – no Japanese for a while – and I’ll hopefully be posting lots of (very basic) Spanish stuff and hopefully I’ll get onto more complicated stuff as the year progresses : )
いる(iru) and ある (aru) are verbs that are used to show that something ‘exists’ or ‘is’ in Japanese. いる is used for animate objects, i.e. people and animals, whilst ある is used for inanimate objects/things/concepts/events etc.
IRU VERB FORMS
normal – いる IRU
polite – います IMASU
normal negative – いない INAI
polite negative – いません IMASEN
Toshokan niwa koukousei ga ippai iru.
There are lots of high school students in the library.
Kareshi iru ka?
Do you have a boyfriend?
ARU VERB FORMS
normal – ある ARU
polite – あります ARIMASU
normal negative – ない NAI
polite negative – ありません ARIMASEN
Ano kado ni konbini arimasu.
There is a convenience store on the corner.