Sam’s Crash Course Spanish – Week 1 – Part 2

Basic Verbs – Present Tense

Yo Como – I eat

Tú Comes – You eat

Él / Ella / Usted Come – He / She / You (formal) eat

Nosotros Comemos – We eat

Ellos / Ellas / Ustedes (Latin America) Comen – They (masc) / They (fem) / They eat

Vosotros (Spain) Coméis – They eat

Because the verb endings change depending on the pronouns often in Spanish the pronouns are not used, as you can work out the meaning based on the verb alone, e.g. habloI speak, hablamoswe speak

More examples:

Bebo leche. – I drink milk.

No hablas inglés. – You don’t speak English.

Leéis el díario. – You guys (they) read the newspaper.

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Sam’s Crash Course Spanish – Week 1

Saying Hello:

¡hola! (O-LAH)

¿Qué tal? – (KAY TAL) What’s up?

Fenomenal, gracias. ¿Y tú? (FAY-NOM-AY-NAL GRATHEE-YAS. EE TOO) Great thanks. And you?

other adjectives….

.mal

….estupendo

….fantastico

….regular (like the french comme-si comme-ça)

….fatal : O

Saying Goodbye:

Learnt today that Adiós does not mean ‘goodbye’ in the sense I thought it did – you would only use Adiós if you weren’t going to see somebody for a while – like they were going on holiday or something.

Instead the Spanish would say Hasta (ASS-TAH) …… (hasta literally means ‘until’)

¡Hasta luego! (ASS-TAH LOO-AY-GO) See you later!

¡Hasta pronto! (ASS-TAH PRON-TO) See you later/soon!

(both of ^these are pretty much interchangable)

¡Hasta mañana! (ASS-TAH MANYA-NAH) See you tomorrow!

I know this is all really easy stuff but I honestly know no Spanish and I’m starting right at the beginning! : )

Hi everyone!

Hi guys : )

Right, so I have decided to learn Spanish because I really want to do a second language (alongside French) at college and this was the only other language that I could do. It’s a beautiful language and I’m really excited : D Although slightly nervous because to do the A-Level course I have to get myself from absolutely no Spanish to GCSE-Standard Spanish by September : / Should be a fun challenge though! So just thought I’d let you guys know and also that I’m going to try and fully immerse myself into the language – no Japanese for a while – and I’ll hopefully be posting lots of (very basic) Spanish stuff and hopefully I’ll get onto more complicated stuff as the year progresses : )

Hasta luego,

Sam

JAPANESE – IRU and ARU – いるとある

いる(iru) and ある (aru) are verbs that are used to show that something ‘exists’ or ‘is’ in Japanese. いる is used for animate objects, i.e. people and animals, whilst ある is used for inanimate objects/things/concepts/events etc.

IRU VERB FORMS

normal – いる IRU

polite – います IMASU

normal negative – いない INAI

polite negative – いません IMASEN

EXAMPLES :

図書館には高校生が一杯いる。

Toshokan niwa koukousei ga ippai iru.

There are lots of high school students in the library.

彼氏いるか?

Kareshi iru ka?

Do you have a boyfriend?

ARU VERB FORMS

normal – ある ARU

polite – あります ARIMASU

normal negative – ない NAI

polite negative – ありません ARIMASEN

EXAMPLES :

あの角にコンビニがあります。

Ano kado ni konbini arimasu.

There is a convenience store on the corner.

JAPANESE – COUNTERS – SMALL ANIMALS

Small Animals

1-10

Did you know you have to use a special counter for counting small animals (though things that hop or fly – birds, frogs, rabbits etc… have their own counter, which is “wa”). Big animals, on the other hand, are “tou.” Small animals included in this list are insects, fish, cats, dogs, etc. So yes, a “tofugu” is a “hiki!”

漢字

ひらがな

romaji

meaning

1匹

いっぴき

ippiki

1 animals

2匹

にひき

nihiki

2 animals

3匹

さんびき

sanbiki

3 animals

4匹

よんひき

yonhiki

4 animals

5匹

ごひき

gohiki

5 animals

6匹

ろっぴき

roppiki

6 animals

7匹

ななひき

nanahiki

7 animals

8匹

はっぴき

happiki

8 animals

9匹

きゅうひき

kyuuhiki

9 animals

10匹

じゅっぴき

juppiki

10 animals

JAPANESE – COUNTERS – PEOPLE

People

1-10

If you want to count the amount of people, you would use this counter. How many people are here? Oh, 3-nin! Check out the first two, they use Japanese numbers, not Sino-Japanese numbers.

漢字

ひらがな

romaji

meaning

1人

ひとり

hitori

1 person

2人

ふたり

futari

2 people

3人

さんにん

sannin

3 people

4人

よにん

yonin

4 people

5人

ごにん

gonin

5 people

6人

ろくにん

rokunin

6 people

7人

しちにん

shichinin

7 people

8人

はちにん

hachinin

8 people

9人

きゅうにん

kyuunin

9 people

10人

じゅうにん

juunin

10 people

JAPANESE – COUNTERS – AGE

Age / Years old

1-10

Thank goodness, finally something straight forward. There’s only one exception here, and that’s 20. It’ll be at the bottom of the list.

漢字

ひらがな

romaji

meaning

1歳

いっさい

issai

1 year old

2歳

にさい

nisai

2 years old

3歳

さんさい

sansai

3 years old

4歳

よんさい

yonsai

4 years old

5歳

ごさい

gosai

5 years old

6歳

ろくさい

rokusai

6 years old

7歳

ななさい

nanasai

7 years old

8歳

はっさい

hassai

8 years old

9歳

きゅうさい

kyuusai

9 years old

10歳

じゅうさい

juusai

10 years old

20歳

はたち

hatachi

20 years old